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🔥+ joint symptoms 13 Jul 2020 Spinal arthritis is inflammation of the facet joints in the spine or sacroiliac joints between the spine and the pelvis. It may be related to wear and tear, autoimmune ...

joint symptoms The remaining 18 officers had recurrent symptoms or had developed a chronic arthritis on re-evaluation five years later. These officers had ...

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Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2018 Jan;64(1):63-70. doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.64.01.63.

Author information

1
Medical Student, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Caruaru, PE, Brazil.
2
MD, Geriatrician, MSc in Palliative Care, and Assistant Professor at UFPE, Caruaru, PE, Brazil.

Abstract

joint symptomshow to joint symptoms for INTRODUCTION:

Chikungunya (CHIK) is a tropical arbovirus, transmitted by the female mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Brazil, there have been cases reported since 2014. The initial manifestations of this virus are sudden onset high fever, headache, chills, rashes, myalgia and intense joint pain. Usually, CHIK presents the acute and chronic phases, the latter characterized by bilateral polyarthralgia, which can last for months or even years. During this period, autoimmune diseases can be triggered, making the picture even more complicated.

METHOD:

A systematic review was performed on the PubMed and Scielo databases in January 2017. Clinical trials, cohorts, case-control and case reports were included in the study. Expert opinions, societal consensuses and literary reviews were exclusion criteria. Studies were conducted in English, Spanish and Portuguese. The studies were descriptively analyzed and the data was grouped according to methodological similarity.

RESULTS:

joint symptomshow to joint symptoms for Twenty-four (24) articles were selected and, in compliance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 were eliminated, with six studies remaining in the present review: five clinical trials and one case report.

CONCLUSION:

When the manifestations of CHIK become chronic and, the longer they last, more complications arise. Polyarthralgia can be immaterial, distancing individuals from their daily-life activities. Anti-inflammatory drugs (either steroid or not), in addition to immunosuppressants, homeopathy and physiotherapy are measures of treatment that, according to the literature, have been successful in relieving the 1 last update 2020/07/13 or extinguishing symptoms. However, it is fundamental that studies of CHIK treatment be further developed.When the manifestations of CHIK become chronic and, the longer they last, more complications arise. Polyarthralgia can be immaterial, distancing individuals from their daily-life activities. Anti-inflammatory drugs (either steroid or not), in addition to immunosuppressants, homeopathy and physiotherapy are measures of treatment that, according to the literature, have been successful in relieving or extinguishing symptoms. However, it is fundamental that studies of CHIK treatment be further developed.

PMID:
29561944
DOI:
10.1590/1806-9282.64.01.63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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